EckherInsightsContact
Eckher
Your guide to what's next.
Eckher
Home › Eckher Insights › IPA symbols
Apr 15, 2020

IPA symbols

The list of International Phonetic Alphabet symbols.

The following table lists the main symbols of the International Phonetic Alphabet with examples given for most of the symbols:

SymbolExamples
[a]German Mann
[ä]Mandarin
[ɐ]English cut
[ɑ]English father
[ɑ̃]French Caen
[ɒ]English cot
[ʌ]English cut
[æ]English cat
[b]English babble
[ɓ]Swahili bwana
[β]Spanish la Bamba
[ʙ]Nias simbi
[c]Turkish kebap
[ç]German Ich
[ɕ]Mandarin 西安
[d]English dad
[ɗ]Swahili Dodoma
[ɖ]English harder
[ð]English the
[dz]English adds
[]English judge
[]Polish niedźwiedź
[]Polish dżem
[e]Spanish fe
[ɘ]English bird
[ə]English about
[ɚ]English runner
[ɛ]English bet
[ɛ̃]French Saint-Étienne
[ɜ]English bird
[ɝ]English bird
[f]English fun
[ɡ]English gag
[ɠ]Swahili Uganda
[ɢ]Persian قلم
[h]English house
[ɦ]English ahead
[ʰ]English top
[ħ]Arabic مُحَمَّد
[i]English sea
[ɪ]English sit
[ɨ]Russian ты
[j]English yes
[ʲ]Russian Ленин
[ʝ]Spanish cayo
[ɟ]Turkish gör
[ʄ]Swahili jambo
[k]English kick
[l]English leaf
[ɫ]English wool
[ɬ]Welsh llwyd
[ɭ]
[ɺ]
[ɮ]Zulu dla
[m]English mime
[ɱ]English symphony
[n]English nun
[ŋ]English sing
[ɲ]Spanish Peña
[ɳ]Hindi वरुण
[ɴ]Spanish Don Juan
[o]Spanish no
[ɔ]German Oldenburg
[ɔ̃]French Lyon
[ø]French feu
[ɵ]Dutch hut
[œ]French bœuf
[œ̃]French brun
[ɶ]
[p]English pip
[q]Arabic قُرْآن
[r]Spanish perro
[ɾ]Spanish pero
[ʀ]Dutch rood
[ɽ]Hindi साड़ी
[ɹ]English borrow
[ɻ]Mandarin 人民日报
[ʁ]French Paris
[s]English sass
[ʃ]English shoe
[ʂ]Mandarin 少林
[t]English tot
[ʈ]Hindi ठग
[ts]English cats
[]English church
[]Mandarin 北京
[]Mandarin 真正
[u]English food
[ʊ]English foot
[ʉ]English food
[v]English verve
[ʋ]Hindi वरुण
[w]English wow
[ʷ]English rain
[ʍ]English what
[ɯ]Turkish kayık
[ɰ]Spanish agua
[x]English loch
[χ]Dutch Scheveningen
[y]French rue
[ʏ]German Düsseldorf
[ɣ]Arabic غَالِي
[ɤ]Mandarin 河南
[ʎ]Italian tagliatelle
[ɥ]French lui
[z]English zoo
[ʒ]English vision
[ʑ]Russian позже
[ʐ]Russian жир
[θ]English thigh
[ɸ]Japanese 富士
[ʔ]English uh-oh
[ʕ]Arabic عَرَبِيّ
[ǀ]English tsk-tsk
[ǁ]English tchick! tchick!
[ǃ]Zulu iqaqa
[ʘ]ǂ’Amkoe ʘoa
[ǂ]Khoekhoe ǂgā-amǃnâ
Cover
See also
The world in IPA: Exploring Eckher's phonetic map
Find your way to place name pronunciations with Eckher IPA Map.
Eckher IPA Keyboard
Enter IPA characters online.
Eckher
Your guide to what's next.
Copyright © 2021 Eckher. Various trademarks held by their respective owners.